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Orlando

.

The youngest son of Sir Rowland de Boys. At a wrestling match the banished duke’s daughter, Rosalind, who took a lively interest in Orlando, gave him a chain, saying, “Gentleman, wear this for me.” Orlando, flying because of his brother’s hatred, met Rosalind in the forest of Arden, disguised as a country lad, seeking to join her father. In time they become acquainted with each other, and the duke assented to their union. (Shakespeare: As You Like It.) (See Oliver.)

Orlando, called Rotolando or Roland, and Rutlandus in the Latin chronicles of the Middle Ages, the paladin, was lord of Anglant, knight of Brava, son of Milo dʹAnglesis and Bertha, sister of Charlemagne. Though married to Aldabella, he fell in love with Angelʹica, daughter of the infidel king of Cathay; but Angelica married Medoʹro, a Moor, with whom she fled to India. When Orlando heard thereof he turned mad, or rather his wits were taken from him for three months by way of punishment, and deposited in the moon. Astolpho went to the moon in Elijah’s chariot, and St. John gave him an urn containing the lost wits of Orlando. On reaching earth again, Astolpho first bound the madman, then holding the urn to his nose, the errant wits returned, and Orlando, cured of his madness and love, recovered from his temporary derangement. (Orlando Furioso.) (See Angelica.)

2

Orlando or Roland was buried at Blayes, in the church of St. Raymond; but his body was removed afterwards to Roncesvalles, in Spain.

Orlando’s horn or Roland’s horn. An ivory horn called Olivant, mentioned frequently by Boiardo and Ariosto.

“Per acto bello, Rolandus ascendit in montem, et relliit retro ad viam Runciavallis. Tunc insonnit tuba sua eburnea; et tantâ virtute insonuit, quod flatu omnis ojus tuba per medium scissa, et venæ colli ejus et nervi rupti fuisse feruntur.”

Orlando’s sword. Durindaʹna, which once belonged to Hector.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Oriel
Orientation
Oriflamme
Origenists
Original Sin
Orilo or Orillo (in Orlando Furioso, book viii.)
Orinda
Orion
Orkborne (Dr.)
Orkneys
Orlando
Orlando Furioso
Orlando Innamorato (Roland the paladin in love)
Orleans
Ormandine
Ormulum
Ormusd or Ormuzd
Oromasdes
Oroöndatēs
Orosius (General History of)
Orotalt

See Also:

Orlando