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Shakespeare

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usually calledGentle Will.”

His wife was Anne Hathaway, of Shottery, about eight years older than himself.

He had one son, named Hamnet, who died in his twelfth year, and two daughters.

Ben Jonson said of him—“And though thou hadst small Latin and less Greek …”

Milton calls him “Sweetest Shakespeare, fancy’s child,” and says he will go to the well-trod stage to hear him “warble his native wood-notes wild.” (LʹAllegro, 133.)

Akenside says he is “Alike the master of our smiles and tears.” (Ode i.)

Dryden says of him—“He was a man who of all modern and perhaps ancient poets, had the largest and most comprehensive soul.”

Young says—“He wrote the play the Almighty made.” (Epistle to Lord Lansdowne.)

Mallett says—“Great above ruleNature was his own.” (Verbal Criticism.)

Collins says he “joined Tuscan fancy to Athenian force.” (Epistle to Sir Thomas Hanmer.)

Pope says—

“Shakespeare (whom you and every play-house bill

Style “the divine,” “the matchless,” what you will)

For gain, not glory, winged his roving flight,

And grew immortal in his own despite.”


Imitations of Horace, Ep. i.

The dedication of Shakespeare’s Sonnets has provoked much controversy. It is as follows:—


To The Onlie Begetter Of

These Insuing Sonnets

Mr. W. H. All Happinesse

And That Eternitie

Promised

By

Our Ever-Living Poet

Wisheth

that is, Mr. William Herbert [after-wards Lord Pembroke] wisheth to [the Earl of Southampton] the only begetter or instigator of these sonnets, that happiness and eternal life which [Shakespeare] the ever living poet speaks of. The rider is—


The Well-Wishing

Adventurer In

Setting

Forth. T. T.

That is, Thomas Thorpe is the adventurer who speculates in their publication. (See Athenæum, Jan. 25, 1862.)

Shakespeare. There are six accredited signatures of this poet, five of which are attached to business documents, and one is entered in a book called Floria, a translation of Montaigne, published in 1603. A passage in act ii. s. 2 of The Tempest is traced directly to this translation, proving that the Florio was possessed by Shakespeare before he wrote that play.

15

The Shakespeare of divines. Jeremy Taylor (1613–1667).

The Shakespeare of eloquence. So Barnave happily characterised the Comte de Mirabeau (1749–1791).

The Spanish Shakespeare. Calderon (1601–1687).

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Shafalus
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Shaft
Shatton (Sir Piercie)
Shah
Shah-pour
Shahzada
Shakedown
Shakers
Shakes
Shakespeare
Shaking Hands
Shaky
Shallow
Shalott (Lady of)
Shambles means benches
Shamrock
Shan Van Voght
Shandean Exactness
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