Charles XII. (16971718)

Charles XII., king of Sweden, son of Charles XI., a warlike prince; ascended the throne at the age of 15; had to cope with Denmark, Russia, and Poland combined against him; foiled the Danes at Copenhagen, the Russians at Narva, and Augustus II. of Poland at Riga; trapped in Russia, and cooped up to spend a winter there, he was, in spring 1709, attacked by Peter the Great at Pultowa and defeated, so that he had to take refuge with the Turks at Bender; here he was attacked, captured, and conveyed to Demotica, but escaping, he found his way miraculously back to Sweden, and making peace with the Czar, commenced an attack on Norway, but was killed by a musket-shot at the siege of Friedrickshall; “the last of the Swedish kings”; “his appearance, among the luxurious kings and knights of the North” at the time, Carlyle compares to “the bursting of a cataract of bombshells in a dull ballroom” (16971718).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Charles VI. * Charles I.
Charles III.
Charles IV., The Fair
Charles V., The Wise
Charles VI., The Well-Beloved
Charles VII., The Victorious
Charles VIII.
Charles IX.
Charles X.
Charles V.
Charles VI.
Charles XII.
Charles I.
Charles II.
Charles
Charles, Archduke
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Charles Edward
Charles Martel
Charles of Anjou
Charles of Valois
Charles the Rash