Peru

Peru, a country in the W. of South America, twice the size of Austro-Hungary, lies between Brazil and Bolivia and the Pacific, with Ecuador on the N. and Chile on the S.; it consists of a seaboard plain, hot and rainless, but intersected by rich river courses, in which sugar, cotton, and coffee are grown; the Andes chains, snow-tipped and presenting every kind of climate and variety of vegetation on their slopes and in their valleys, rich in minerals and yielding chiefly great quantities of silver; and the Montana, the eastward slopes of the Andes, clad with valuable forests where the cinchona is cultivated, and the upland basins of the Ucayalé River and the Upper Amazon, very fertile, with great coffee and cacao plantations and abundant rain; the chief articles of export are silver, nitre, guano, sugar, and wool. Lima (200), the capital, is 8 m. inland from its port Callao (35); has an old cathedral, and is the chief centre of commerce; its principal merchants are Germans. The government is republican; the ruling classes are of Spanish descent, but half of the population are Inca Indians and a quarter are half-castes. From the 12th to the 16th centuries the Incas enjoyed a high state of civilisation and an extensive empire administered on socialistic principles; they attained great skill in the industries and arts. The Spanish conqueror Pizarro, landing in 1532, overthrew the empire and established the colony; after three centuries of oppression Peru threw off the Spanish yoke in 1824. The history of the republic has been one of continual restlessness, and a war with Chile 1879-84 ended in complete disaster; recovery is slowly progressing.

Population (circa 1900) given as 3,000,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Perturbations * Perugia
Persians, The
Persiflage
Persigny, Fialin, Duc de
Persius
Persius
Perth
Perth
Perthshire
Pertinax, Helvius
Perturbations
Peru
Perugia
Perugino
Peschiera
Peshawar
Peshito
Pessimism
Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich
Pesth
Petalism
Petard

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Peru in Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase & Fable

Links here from Chalmers

Acosta, Joseph D'
Alstroemer, Claude
Anson, George
Beau, John Baptiste Le
Boston, Thomas
Broschi, Carlo
Cavendish, Thomas
Condamine, Charles Marie De La
Dampier, Capt. William
Dombey, Joseph
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