Philip II. (11651223)

Philip II., Philip-Augustus, king of France, shared the throne with his father, Louis VII., from 1179, and succeeded him as sole ruler in 1180; marrying Isabella of Hainault, he united the Capet and Carlovingian houses; his grand aim was to secure to himself some of the English possessions in France; his alliance with Richard of England in the third crusade ended in a quarrel; returning to France he broke his oath to Richard by bargaining with John for portions of the coveted territory; an exhausting war lasted till 1119; on Richard's death Philip supported Arthur against John in his claim to Anjou, Maine, and Touraine; after Arthur's murder, the capture of Château Gaillard in 1204 gave him possession of these three provinces with Normandy and part of Poitou; the victory of Bouvines 1214 secured his throne, and the rest of his reign was spent in internal reforms and the beautifying of Paris (11651223).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Philip of Macedon * Philip IV.
Pherecydes
Phidias
Philadelphia
Philador, François André
Philæ
Philatory
Philemon, Epistle to
Philemon and Baucis
Philip
Philip of Macedon
Philip II.
Philip IV.
Philip VI.
Philip II.
Philip V.
Philip the Bold
Philip the Good
Philiphaugh
Philippi
Philippians, Epistle to the
Philippic