Philip IV. (12681314)

Philip IV., the Fair, king of France, succeeded his father Philip III. in 1285; by his marriage with Joanna of Navarre added Navarre, Champagne, and Brie to his realm; but the sturdy valour of the Flemish burghers at Courtrai on the “Day of Spurs” prevented the annexation of Flanders; his fame rests on his struggle and victory over the papal power; a tax on the clergy was condemned by Boniface VIII. in 1296; supported by his nobles and burghers Philip burnt the papal bull, imprisoned the legate, and his ambassador in Rome imprisoned the Pope himself; Boniface died soon after, and in 1305 Philip made Clement V. Pope; kept him at Avignon, and so commenced the seventy years' “captivity”; he forced Clement to decree the suppression of the Templars, and became his willing instrument in executing the decree; he died at Fontainebleau, having proved himself an avaricious and pitiless despot (12681314).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Philip II. * Philip VI.
Phidias
Philadelphia
Philador, François André
Philæ
Philatory
Philemon, Epistle to
Philemon and Baucis
Philip
Philip of Macedon
Philip II.
Philip IV.
Philip VI.
Philip II.
Philip V.
Philip the Bold
Philip the Good
Philiphaugh
Philippi
Philippians, Epistle to the
Philippic
Philippine Islands