Richelieu, Armand-Jean Duplessis, Cardinal de (15851642)

Richelieu, Armand-Jean Duplessis, Cardinal de, born in Paris, of a noble family; was minister of Louis XIII., and one of the greatest statesmen France ever had; from his installation as Prime Minister in 1624 he set himself to the achievement of a threefold purpose, and rested not till he accomplished it—the ruin of the Protestants as a political party, the curtailment of the power of the nobles, and the humiliation of the House of Austria in the councils of Europe; his administration was signalised by reforms in finance, in the army, and in legislation; as the historian Thierry has said of him, “He left nothing undone that could be done by statesmanship for the social amelioration of the country; he had a mind of the most comprehensive grasp, and a genius for the minutest details of administration”; he was a patron of letters, and the founder of the French Academy (15851642).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Richardson, Samuel * Richmond
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