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Evidence (In)


Before the eyes of the people; to the front; actually present (Latin). Evidence, meaning testimony in proof of something, has a large number of varieties, as—

Circumstantial evidence. That based on corroborative incidents.

Demonstrative evidence. That which can be proved without leaving a doubt.

Direct evidence. That of an eye-witness.

External evidence. That derived from history or tradition.

Internal evidence. That derived from conformity with what is known.

Material evidence. That which is essential in order to carry proof.

Moral evidence. That which accords with general experience.

Presumptive evidence. That which is highly probable.

Prima facie evidence. That which seems likely, unless it can be explained away.

Queen’s or King’s evidence. That of an accessory against his accomplices, under the promise of pardon.

Secondary evidence. Such as is produced when primary evidence is not to be obtained.

Self evidence. That derived from the senses; manifest and indubitable.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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