Garengeot, Rp.Ne Jamf.S Croissant De

, an eminent French surgeon, was born at Vitre, a small town in | Brittany, on the 13th of July, 1683, where his father practised surgery. In order to improve himself, he spent five years in the hospital of Angers, and in the great naval hospitals of Brittany; and afterwards made two voyages in the navy. In 1711 he went to Paris, and studied under Winslow, Thibaut, Meri, &c. and afterwards gave a course of lectures on anatomy in the medical schools; and henceforth his reputation extended even to foreign countries; for he was elected a member of the royal society of London. He was also appointed demonstrator royal in the schools of medicine. On the establishment of the society of academicians, under the patronage of the king, in 1731, Garengeot was chosen “Commissaire pour les extraits,”' which office he retained until 1742. He then succeeded Terryer in the place of surgeon-major of the king’s regiment of infantry. He died at Cologne, in consequence of an attack of apoplexy, Dec. 10, 1759.

The first of the works of Garengeot, entitled “Traite” des Operations de Chirurgie,“was published at Paris in 1720, and translated into the English and German languages. 2.” Trait des Instrumens de Chirurgie,“printed at Paris and the Hague, 1723, and at Paris again in 1727, in two volumes, with plates. 3.” Myotomie humaine,“Paris, 1724, 1728, 1750, two volumes, 12mo. The last of these editions is much more correct than the two former. 4.” Splanchnologie, ou, Traite d’Anatomie concernant les visceres,“Paris, 1728, 1729, in 12mo; ibid. 1742, in two volumes, 12mo. A German edition was printed at Berlin, in 8vo, in 1733, which is said to contain some valuable matter, but chiefly belonging to Winslow and Morgagni. 5.” His last work was “L‘Operation de la Taille par l’appareil lateral corrigee de tous ses defauts,Paris, 1730, in 12mo. 1


Dict. Hist.—Rees’s Cyclopædia.