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Kingly Titles


Abgarus (The Grand). So the kings of Edessa were styled.

Abimʹelech (my father the king). The chief ruler of the ancient Philistines.

Agag (lord). The chief ruler of the Amalʹekites (4 syl.).

Akbar Khan (very-great chieftain). Hindustan.

Anax. The chief ruler of the ancient Greek kingdoms. Anaxandrõn was the over-king.

Archon (The). The chief of the nine magistrates of Athens. The next in rank was called Basileus (3 syl.); and the third Polemarch (3 syl.), or Field-Marshal.

Asser or Assyr (blessed one). The chief ruler of ancient Assyria.

Attabeg (father prince). Persia, 1118.

Augustus. The title of the reigning Emperor of Rome, when the heir presumptive was styled “Cæsar.” (See Augustus.)

Autocrat (self-potentate). One whose power is absolute; Russia.

Beglerbeg. (See Bey.)

Ben-Hadad (son of the sun or Hadad). The chief ruler of ancient Damascus.

Bey of Tunis. In Turkey, a bey is the governor of a banner, and the chief over the seven banners is the beglar-bey.

Brenn or Brenhin (war-chief) of the ancient Gauls. A dictator appointed by the Druids in times of danger.

Bretwalda (wielder of Britain). Chief king of the heptarchy.

Cæsar. Proper name adopted by the Roman emperors. (See Kaiser.)

Calif (successor). Successors of Mahomet; now the Grand Signior of Turkey, and Sophi of Persia.

Candaʹce. Proper name adopted by the queens of Ethiopia.

Cazique (Ca-zeekʹ). American Indians; native princes of the ancient Peruvians, Cubans, Mexicans, etc.

Chagan. The chief of the Avars.

Cham. (See Khan.)

Cral. The despot of ancient Servia.

Cyrus (mighty). Ancient Persia. (See Cyrus.)

Czar (Cæsar). Russia. Assumed by Ivan III., who married a princess of the Byzantine line, in 1472. He also introduced the double-headed black eagle of Byzantium as the national symbol.

Dariʹus, Latin form of Darawesh (king). Ancient Persia.

Dey. In Algiers, before it was annexed to France in 1830. (Turkish, dāi, uncle.)

Dictaʹtor. A military autocrat, appointed by the Romans in times of danger.

Domnu (lord). Roumania.

Emperor. (See Imperator.)

Empress. A female emperor, or the wife of an emperor.

Esinʹqœ (q.v.). Kings of Kent.

Hosʹpodar. Moldavia and Wallachia; now borne by the Emperor of Russia.

Imperaʹtor (ruler or commander). The Latin form of emperor.

Judge. Ancient Jews (Shophet).

Kaiser (same as Cæsar, q.v.). The German Emperor.

Khan (chieftain) or Ghengis-Khan. Tartary. In Persia, the governor of a province is called a Khan.

Khedive (q.v.). Modern Egypt.

King or Queen. Great Britain, etc. (Anglo-Saxon cyn, the people or nation, and -ing (a patronymic) = the man of, the choice of, etc.)

Lama or Dalai Lama (great mother-of-souls). Thibet.

Melech (king). Ancient Jews.

Mogulʹ or Great Mogulʹ. Mongolia.

Nejus or Nejushee (lord protector). Abyssinia.

Nizamʹ (ruler). Hyderabad.

Padishah (fatherly king). The Sultan’s title.

Pendragʹon (chief of the dragons, or “summus rex”). A dictator, created by the ancient Celts in times of danger.

Phaʹraoh (light of the world). Ancient Egypt.

President. Republics of America, France, etc.

Ptolʹemy (proper name adopted). Egypt after the death of Alexander.

Queen. (Anglo-Saxon, cwēn; Greek, gunē, a woman.)

Rajʹah or Maha-rajah (great king). Hindustan.

Rex (ruler). A Latin word equivalent to our king.

Scherif (lord). Mecca and Medīna.

Shah (protector). Persia.

Sheik (patriarch). Arabia.

Shopʹhetim. So the Jewish “judges” were styled.

Soʹphi (holy). A title of the Shah of Persia.

Stadtholder (city-holder). Formerly chief magistrate of Holland.

Suffetes (dictators). Ancient Carthage.

Sultan or Soldan (ruler). Turkey.

Vayvode or Waywode (2 syl.) of Transylvania, Moldavia, and Wallachia.

Vladika (ruler). Montenegro.

Also, Aga, ameer or emir, archduke, count, doge, duke, effendi, elector, exarch, herzog (= duke), imaum, infanta, landamman, landgrave, mandarin, margrave, or margravine, nabob, pacha or bashaw, prince, sachem, satrap, seigneur or grand-seigneur, sirdar, subahdar, suzerain, tetarch, viceroy, etc., in some cases are chief independent rulers, in some cases dependent rulers or governors subject to an over-lord, and in others simply titles of honour without separate dominion.


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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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King’s Oak (The)
King’s Picture
King’s Quhair
King’s Cheese goes half in Paring
King’s Hanoverian White Horse (The)
King’s Own Scottish Borderers (The)
Kings, etc., of England
Kings have Long Hands
Kings may override Grammar
Kingly Titles
Kingdom Come
Kingsley’s Stand
Kingston Bridge
Kingston - on - Thames
Kingstown (Ireland)
Kingswood Lions
Kinless Loons
Kirk of Skulls