Frederick II. (11941250)

Frederick II., called the Wonder of the World, grandson of the preceding; he was crowned emperor in 1215, at Aix-la-Chapelle, having driven Otto IV. from the throne; he gave much attention to the consolidating of his Italian possessions, encouraged learning and art, founded the university of Naples, and had the laws carefully codified; in these attempts at harmonising the various elements of his empire he was opposed by the Papal power and the Lombards; in 1228 he gained possession of Jerusalem, of which he crowned himself king; his later years were spent in struggles with the Papal and Lombard powers, and darkened by the treachery of his son Henry and of an intimate friend; he was a man of outstanding intellectual force and learning, but lacked the moral greatness of his grandfather (11941250).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Frederick I. * Frederick III.
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Franz, Robert
Franz-Josef Land
Fraser, Alexander Campbell
Fraser, James
Fraser River
Fraunhofer, Joseph von
Frederick I.
Frederick II.
Frederick III.
Frederick V.
Frederick III.
Frederick V.
Frederick VI.
Frederick I.
Frederick II.
Frederick Charles, Prince
Frederick-William I.
Frederick-William II.


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Algarotti, Francis
Bessel, Godfrey De
Bielfeld, James Frederick Baron De
Bitaube', Paul Jeremiah
Brahe, Tycho
Brunswick-Oels, Frederick Augustus, Duke Of
Eller, John Theodore, De Brockhusen
Glover, Thomas
Holcroft, Thomas
Scot, Michael