Mary I. (15161558)

Mary I., queen of England, was born at Greenwich, daughter of Henry VIII. and Catharine of Aragon; at first the king's favourite, on her mother's divorce she was treated with aversion; during her brother Edward VI.'s reign she lived in retirement, clinging to her Catholic faith; on her accession in 1553 a Protestant plot to put Lady Jane Grey on the throne failed; she began cautiously to restore Catholicism, imprisoning Reformers and reinstating the old bishops; on her choosing Philip of Spain for her husband a revolt broke out under Sir Thomas Wyatt, and though easily put down was the occasion for the execution of Lady Jane Grey and the imprisonment of Elizabeth; after her marriage in 1554 the religious reaction gained strength, submission was made to Rome, and a persecution began in which 300 persons, including Latimer, Ridley, and Cranmer, perished in three years; ill-health, Philip's cruelty, and her childlessness drove her to melancholy; a war with France led to the loss of Calais in 1558, and she died broken-hearted, a virtuous and pious, but bigoted and relentless woman (15161558).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Mary, the Virgin * Mary II.
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Martin, St.
Martin, Sarah
Martin, Sir Theodore
Martineau, Harriet
Martineau, James
Martyn, Henry
Marvell, Andrew
Marx, Karl
Mary, the Virgin
Mary I.
Mary II.
Mary, Queen of Scots
Mask, Iron
Maskelyne, Nevil
Mason, Sir Josiah


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Browne, George
Cæsar, Julius [1557–1581]
Thynne, Francis
Vicary, Thomas