Bibliander, Theodore

, an eminent Protestant divine, whose real name was Buchmarij which he changed into Bibliander, according to a custom very prevalent in his time, was born in 1500, or rather 1504, according to D. Clement and Saxius, at Bischotfzel near St. Gall, and in 1532, succeeded Zwinglius in the divinity- chair at Zurick. This he rilled a considerable time, until having adopted some opinions on the subject of predestination, which were hostile to those generally received in the reformed church, he was gently dismissed by being declared emeritus, and his place supplied by Peter Martyr. He died of the plague at Zurich in 1564. He was a man of great reputation for learning, especially in the oriental languages. He wrote, 1. “Apologia pro edit. Aleorani^ edita à J. Fabricio, cum testamento Mohamedis,Rostock, 1638, 4to. 2. “Machumetis Saraceriorum principis, ejusque successorum vitae, doctrina, ac ipse Alcoran,” &c. Basil, 1543, fol. This work is divided into three parts the first contains a Latin translation of the Alcoran the second, many pieces in refutation of the doctrines and errors of the Alcoran and the third, some parts of the works of Paul Jovius, and others, on the history and manners of the Turks. The whole was reprinted at Basil in 1550, but with considerable alterations in the second part, and the addition of some articles to the third. 3. “Quomodo oporteat legere sacras scripturas, praescriptiones Apostolorum, Prophetarum, &c.” ibid. 1550, 8vo. 4. “Amplior consideratio decreti synodalis Trident, de authent. doct. eccl. Dei, &c.1551, 8vo. 5. “Sermo divin, majest. voce pronunciatus, seu Comment, in Decalog. et Sermon. Dom. in monte Sinai,Basil, 1552, fol. 6. “Concilium sacrosanctum eccl. cathol. in quo demonstratur quomodo possit | pereunti populo Christiano succurri,” 1552, 8vo. 7. “Vita B. Marci evangelists,” Bale, 1552. 8. “De ratione temp. Christ. c. liber,” ibid. 1551, 8vo. 9. “Temporum a condito mundo usque ad ultim. ipsiiis aetat. supputatio,” ibid. 1553, fol. 10. “Evangelica historia,” ibid. 1551.

11. “De fatis monarchic Romance, somnium, vaticinium Esdrse,” c. ibid. 1553, 4to, a collection of remarks on prophecies applicable to the apostacy of the Romish church.

12. “De summa Trinitate et fide catholica, &c.” ibid. 1555, 4to. 13. “De Mysteriis salutiferse passionis et mortis Jesu Messia?, libri tres,” ibid. 1555, 14. “De ratione communi omnium linguarum et litterarum commentarius,Zurich, 1548, 4to, a curious work, in which he eftdeavours to prove an analogy between all languages, and all the letters of those languages. These last five works are extremely rare. Bibliander also, assisted by Conrad Pelican and Cholin, completed and superintended the edition of the Bible by Leo de Juda, and translated a considerable part of it. Many of his manuscripts are preserved in the library of Zurich, and a full account of them has been given by Teissier in his additions to Thuanus’s account of eminent men, vol. II.1


Biog. Univ.—Gen. Dict.—Moreri.—elchior Adam in vitis Theologorum. —Saxii Onomasticon.