James III. (14621488)

James III., king of Scotland from 1460 to 1488, son of James II.; was during his minority under the care of his mother and Bishop Kennedy of St. Andrews, the Earl of Angus being lieutenant-general of the kingdom; but the bishop and the earl died before he was 14, and the nobility fell into faction and disorder again; the first to gain power was Lord Boyd (whose son married the king's sister), but a charge of treason brought about his downfall and exile; the king married Princess Margaret of Denmark in 1469, and gave himself up to a life of quiet ease surrounded by men of art and culture, while his brothers Albany and Mar, by their military tastes and achievements, won the affections of the nobles; James, becoming jealous, imprisoned them; Albany, who had intrigued with Edward IV., fled to France, Mar died in Craigmillar Castle; while the king and his army were marching to meet expected English action in 1482 the nobles, instigated by Archibald, Bell-the-Cat, seized and hanged the royal favourites at Lauder, and committed the king to Edinburgh Castle; a short reconciliation was effected, but was soon broken, and civil war ensued; the defeat of the royalist forces at Sauchieburn took place in 1488; the king escaped from the field, but was thrown from his horse, and taking refuge in a house at Beaton's Mill, was there slain (14621488).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

James II. * James IV.
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Jahn, Johan
Jahn, Otto
Jail Fever
James I.
James II.
James III.
James IV.
James V.
James VI. of Scotland and I. of England
James II. of England and VII. of Scotland
James, Epistle of
James, G. P. R.
James, Sir Henry
James, Henry
James, Henry
James, John Angell


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Boethius, Hector
Burnet, Thomas
Cordara, Junus Caesar
Elphinston, William
Fabroni, Angelo
Fox, Richard
Kennedy, James
King, Dn. William
Ramsay, Andrew Michael
Wydeville, Anthony, Earl Rivers