Victoria, a colony of Great Britain, the smallest and most populous in Australia, lying S. of New South Wales, from which it was separated in 1851; originally settled as Port Phillip in 1834, it developed gradually as a pastoral and agricultural region till, in 1851, the discovery of gold led to an enormous increase in both the population and the revenue, and the sudden rise of a community, with Melbourne for centre, which, for wealth and enterprise, eclipsed every other in the southern hemisphere of the globe; the wealth thus introduced led to a further development of its resources, and every industry began to flourish to a proportionate extent; the chief exports are wool, gold, live-stock, bread-stuffs, hides and leather, and the imports are no less manifold; the climate is remarkably healthy, and ice and snow are hardly known; there is no State religion; 75 per cent. of the people are Protestants, 22 per cent. Catholics, and ½ per cent. Jews, and every provision is made for education in the shape of universities, State schools, technical schools and private schools, and the legislative authority is vested in a Parliament of two chambers, a Legislative Council of 48, and a Legislative Assembly of 95.

Population (circa 1900) given as 1,140,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Victor Emmanuel II. * Victoria, Alexandrina
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Vicar of Bray
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Vico, Giovanni Battista
Victor, Claude Perrin
Victor, St.
Victor Emmanuel II.
Victoria, Alexandrina
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Vigny, Alfred, Comte de


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