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Symbols of Saints

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Symbols.

Agatha

Carrying her breasts in a dish.

Agathon

A book and crozier.

Agnes

A lamb at her side.

Anastaʹsia

A palm branch.

Andrew

A saltire cross.

Anne

A book in her hand.

Anthony

A tau cross, with a bell at the end, and a pig by his side.

Apolloʹnia

A tooth and palm branch. She is applied to by those who suffer from toothache.

Asaph and Aydan

A crozier.

Barbara

A book and palm branch.

Barnabas

A staff in one hand and an open book in the other; or a rake.

Bartholomew

A knife; ora processional cross.

Blaise

Iron combs, with which his body was torn to pieces.

Bridget

A crozier and book.

Catherine

An inverted sword, or large wheel.

Cecilia

Playing on a harp or organ

Christopher

A gigantic figure carrying Christ over a river

Clare

A palm branch

Clement

A papal crown, or an anchor. He was drowned with an anchor tied round his neck; also a pot

CrispinandCrispian

Two shoemakers at work

Cuthbert

St. Osbald’s head in his hand

David

A leek, in commemoration of his victory over the Saxons

Denys

Holding his mitred head in his hand

Dorothy

Carrying a basket of fruit

Edward the Confessor

Crowned with a nimbus, and holding a sceptre

Elizabeth

St. John and the lamb at her feet

Faith

A gridiron

Felix

An anchor

Flower

Her head in her hand, and a flower sprouting out of her neck

Francis

A seraph inflicting the five wounds of Christ; or a lily on a trampled globe

Fyacre

Arrayed in a long robe, praying and holdings his beads in one hand

Gabriel

A flower-pot full of lilies between him and the Virgin

George

Mounted on horseback, and transflxing a dragon

Giles

A bind, with its head in the saint’s lap

Ignatius

The monogram I.H.S. on the breast or in the sky, circled with a glory. Fairhold says the mystery of the Trinity was thus revealed to him

James the Greater

A pilgrim’s staff; or a scallop shell



Symbols.

James the Less

A fuller’s pole. He was killed by Simon the fuller

John Baptist

A camel-hair garment, small rude cross, and a lamb at his feet

John Evangelist

A chalice, out of which a dragon or serpent is issuing, and an open book; or a young man with an eagle in the background. (Ezekiel vii. 1–10.)

Jerome

A blue hat, and studying a large folio volume

Jude

With a club or lance

Julian

Ferrying travellers across a stream

Lawrence

A book and gridiron

Louis

A king kneeling, with the arms of France at his feet; a bishop blessing him, and a dove descending on his head

Loy

A crozier and hammer. He is the patron saint of smiths

Lucy

With a short staff in her hand and the devil behind her; or with eyes in a dish. (See Lucy.)

Luke

Sitting at a reading-desk, beneath which appears an ox’s head; or pictorially engaged upon a Bambino. (Ezekiel vii. 1–10.)

Margaret

Treading on a dragon, or piercing it with the cross

Mark

A man seated writing, with a lion couchant at his feet

Martin

On horseback, dividing his cloak with a beggar behind him on foot

Mary the Virgin

Carrying the child Jesus, and a lily is somewhere displayed

Mary Magdalen

A box of ointment

Matthew

With a halberd, with which Nadabar killed him. As an evangelist, he holds a pen, with which he is writing on a scroll. The most ancient symbol is a man’s face. (Ezekiel vii. 1–10.)

Michael

In armour, with a cross, or else holding scales, in which he is weighing souls

Nicholas

A tub with naked infants in it. He is patron saint of children

Paul

A sword and a book. Dressed as a Roman

Peter

Keys and a triple cross; or a fish; or a cock

Philip

A pastoral staff, surmounted with a cross. He was hung on a tall pillar

Roche

A wallet, and a dog with a loaf in its mouth sitting by. He shows a boil in his thigh

Sebastian

Bound to a tree, his arms tied behind him, and his body transfixed with arrows. Two archers stand by his side; sometimes presenting a sheaf of arrows to the Lord

Simon

A saw, because he was sawn asunder

Stephen

A book and a stone in his hand

Theodora

The devil holding her hand, and tempting her

Theodore

Armed with a halberd in his hand, and with a sabre by his side

Thomas

With a builder’s rule, or a stone in his hand, or holding the lance with which he was slain at Meliapour

Thomas of Canterbury

Kneeling, and a man behind him striking at him with a sword

Ursula

A book and arrows, She was shot through with arrows by the Prince of the Huns

(See A Postles, Evangelists, etc.)

       

Symbolsof other sacred characters.

Abraham

An old man grasping a knife, ready to strike his son Isaac, who is bound on an altar. An angel arrests his hand, and a ram is caught in the thicket

David

Kneeling, above is an angel with a sword. Sometimes he is represented playing a harp

Esau

With bow and arrows, going to meet Jacob

Job

Sitting naked on the ground, with three friends talking to him

Joseph

Conversing with his brothers Benjamin is represented as a mere boy

Judas Iscariot

With a money bag. In the last supper he has knocked over the salt with his right elbow

Judith

With Holofernes head in one hand, and a sabre in the other

Noah

Is represented as looking out of the ark window at a dove, which is flying to the ark, olive branch in its beak

King Saul

Is represented as arrayed in a rich tunic and crowned. A harp is placed behind him

Solomon

Is represented in royal robes, standing under an arch.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Sycamore and Sycomore
Sycophant
Sycorax
Syenite
Syllogism
Sylphs
Sylvam Lignum Ferre (In)
Sylvester (St.)
Sylvius Bonus
Symbol
Symbols of Saints
Symbolism of Colours
Symbolism of Metals and Gems
Syrens of the Ditch
Syria
Syrtis
T