Long, Thomas

, a learned divine of the church of England, was born at Exeter in 1621, and became a servitor of Exeter college, Oxford, in 1638. In 1642 he took the degree of B. A. but soon after left the university, and obtained the vicarage of St. Lawrence Clist, near Exeter. After the restoration he was, per literas regias, created B. D. and made prebendary of Exeter, which he held until the revolution, when refusing to take the oaths to the new government, he was ejected. He died in 1700. Wood characterizes him as “well read in the fathers, Jewish and other ancient writings,” and he appears also to have made himself master of all the controversies of his time in which subjects of political or ecclesiastical government were concerned, and took a very active part against the various classes of separatists, particularly those whose cause Mr, Baxter pleaded.

His principal work^ are, 1. “An Exercitation | concerning the use of the Lord’s Prayer in the public worship of God,” Lond. 1658, 8vo, partly in answer to some sentiments advanced by the celebrated Dr. John Owen in his “Vindicise Evangelicae.” 2. “Calvinus redivivus, or Conformity to the Church of England, in doctrine, government, and worship, persuaded by Mr. Calvin,” ibid. 1673, 8vo. 3. “History of the Donatists,” ibid. 1677, 8vo. 4. “The Character of a Separatist or sensuality the ground of separation,” ibid. 1677, 8vo. 5.“Mr. Hales’s Treatise of Schism examined and censured,” ibid. 1678, 8vo, occasioned by the publication of that treatise among Hales’s “Posthumous Miscellanies.” 6. “The Nonconformist’s Plea for Peace impleaded, in answer to several late writings of Mr. Baxter, and others,” &c. ibid. 1680, 8vo. 7. “Unreasonableness of Separation,” &c. begun by Stillingfleet, with remarks on the life and actions of Baxter,“ibid. 1681, 4to and 8vo. 8.” No Protestant, but the Dissenters’ Plot, discovered and defeated;. being an answer to the late writings of several eminent dissenters,“ibid. 1682, 8vo. 9.” Vindication of the Primitive Christians in point of obedience to their prince, against the calumnies of a book entitled * The Life of Julian the Apostate,‘ “ibid. 1683, 8vo. 10.” History of all the popish and fanatical Plots, &c. against the established government in Church and State,“&c. ibid. 1684, 8vo. 11.” The Letter for Toleration decyphered,“&c. ibid, 1689, in answer to Locke. 12.” Vox Cleri; or the sense of the Clergy concerning the making of alterations in the Liturgy,“ibid. 1690. 13.” An Answer to a Socinian Treatise, called the Naked Gospel,“ibid. 1691. 14.” Dr. Walker’s true, modest, and faithful account of the author of Eikon Basilike,*’ &c. proving this work to have come from the pen of Charles I. 15. Several single Sermons. 1


Ath. Ox. vol. H.