Tolet, Francis

, a learned cardinal, was born in 1532, at Cordova, and appointed professor of philosophy in the university of Salamanca at the early age of fifteen, which is not remarkable if, according to Dominic Soto, who was his master, he was a “monster of genius.” Having afterwards entered the Jesuits’ order, he was sent to Rome, where he taught theology and philosophy with reputation, and philosophised after the genuine manner of the Peripatetic school. Paul V. chose father Tolet for his preacher, and he held the same office under the succeeding pontiffs, with that of theologian in ordinary, besides being entrusted with several important commissions. Pope Gregory XIII. appointed him judge and censor of his own works, and Clement VIIL raised him to the cardinalate in 1594, being the first Jesuit who held that dignity. He is said to have been a lover of justice and equity, and laboured with great zeal and success to reconcile Henry IV. with the court of Rome. He died in that city in 1596, aged sixty-four. Henry IV. out of gratitude, ordered a solemn service to be performed for him at Paris and at Rouen. This learned cardinal left several works, the principal are “Commentaries on St. John,Lyons, 1614, fol.; “On St. Luke,Rome, 1600, folio “On St. Paul’s Epistle to the Romans,Rome, 1602, 4to “A Summary of cases of conscience, or instruction for priests,Paris, 1619, 4to, translated into French, 4to, and a great number of other treatises. 1


Antonio Bibl. Hisp.—Blount’s Censura.—Teissier’s Eloges des Hommes Savans.—Moreri.—Saxii Onomast.